Types Of Fabrics
Light, thin and soft, cotton is a relatively cheap material so is often used for a multitude of different textile projects. Cotton is an ideal material for patchwork projects and creating lightweight garments, such as button-up shirts, dresses, socks, t-shirts, bed sheets and much more, however it may not be well-suited for more heavy-duty stitch crafting.
Denim is a strong, sturdy material traditionally made from cotton warp yarn and a white cotton filling yarn. These two yarns are finely interwoven to create a complex twill weave, strengthening the material. Although it's primarily used to create jeans, jackets, dresses and dungarees, denim can also be used to make accessories and even cover furniture for a non-conventional home décor style.
Polyester fabrics generally have less of a 'natural' feel in comparison to cotton or wool, however they are somewhat favoured by sewers due to their durability, fantastic colour retention, wrinkle/shrink-resistance and how inexpensive they are. Polyester is commonly used for larger projects such as home décor, shirts, trousers, jackets and more..
As it's a semi-synthetic fibre, rayon is an extremely versatile material that's often used to substitute natural fibres in clothing. Although soft, comfortable, smooth and absorbent, rayon has an extremely low elastic recovery and fails at insulating heat, so is best used when sewing garments to wear in hotter weather.
A natural protein fibre, silk is constructed primarily from the cocoons of the larvae of Mulberry Silkworms. Unlike many synthetic fibres, silk has a soft, smooth and non-slip texture. Although it's one of the strongest natural fibres, it has low elasticity and can lose strength over time. The beautiful lustre makes it ideal for shirts, ties, suits, formal dresses, lingerie, robes, bedding and much more.